The Quantitative Relationship between Longitudinal and Radial Function in Left, Right and Total Heart Pumping in Humans.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The total heart volume variation (THVV) during systole has been proposed to be caused by radial function of the ventricles, but definitive data for both ventricles have not been presented. Furthermore, the right ventricle (RV) has been suggested to have a greater longitudinal pumping component than the left ventricle (LV). Therefore, we aimed to compare the stroke volume (SV) generated by radial function to the volume variation of the left, right, and total heart. To do this, we also needed to develop a new method for measuring the contribution of the longitudinal atrioventricular plane displacement (AVPD) to the RVSV (RVSVAVPD). For our study, 11 volunteers underwent cine MRI in the short- and long-axis planes and MRI flow measurement in all vessels leading to and from the heart. The left, right, and total heart showed correlations between volume variation from flow measurements and radial function calculated as SV minus the longitudinal function (r = 0.81, P < 0.01; r = 0.80, P < 0.01; and r = 0.92, P < 0.001, respectively). Compared with the LV, the RV had a greater AVPD (23.4 +/- 0.8 vs. 16.4 +/- 0.5 mm), center of volume movement (13.0 +/- 0.7 vs. 7.8 +/- 0.4 mm), and, RVSVAVPD (82 +/- 2% vs. 60 +/- 2%) (P < 0.001 for all). We found that THVV is predominantly caused by radial function of the ventricles. Longitudinal AVPD accounts for similar to 80% of the RVSV, compared with similar to 60% for the LVSV. This difference explains the larger portion of THVV found on the left side of the heart.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Physiology


  • myocardial contraction, magnetic resonance imaging, physiology, ventricles, volume, cardiac
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)H636-H644
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology: Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Publication categoryResearch