The Strike of the Demon: On Fitting Pro-attitudes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


According to an influential tradition in value analysis, to be valuable is
to be a fitting object of a pro-attitude. If it is fitting to favor an object
for its own sake, then, on this view, the object has final value, that is, it
is valuable for its own sake. If it is fitting to have a pro-attitude toward
an object for the sake of its effects, then its value is instrumental. And
so on. Disvalue is connected in an analogous way to contra-attitudes
Apart from the linkage between value and attitudes, what is distinctive
for this kind of analysis, at least on some of its readings, is that
it establishes a connection between the axiological and the deontic
notions: value on this approach is explicated in terms of the stance that
should be taken toward the object. That it is fitting to have a certain
attitude, that there are reasons to have it, or that the attitude in question
is appropriate or called for, are different ways to express this deontic
claim. Consequently, an important advantage of the “fitting-attitudes”
analysis, or the FA analysis for short, is that it removes the air of mystery
from the normative ‘compellingness’ of values.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Philosophy


  • Conflation-problem Justin D'Arms Daniel Jacobson
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)391-423
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Publication categoryResearch

Total downloads

No data available