The Survival of Memory CD4(+) T Cells within the Gut Lamina Propria Requires OX40 and CD30 Signals

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Abstract

Although CD4(+) memory T cells reside within secondary lymphoid tissue, the major reservoir of these cells is in the lamina propria of the intestine. In this study, we demonstrate that, in the absence of signals through both OX40 and CD30, CD4(+) T cells are comprehensively depleted from the lamina propria. Deficiency in either CD30 or OX40 alone reduced CD4(+) T cell numbers, however, in mice deficient in both OX40 and CD30, CD4(+) T cell loss was greatly exacerbated. This loss of CD4(+) T cells was not due to a homing defect because CD30 x OX40-deficient OTH cells were not impaired in their ability to express CCR9 and alpha(4)beta(7) or traffic to the small intestine. There was also no difference in the priming of wild-type (WT) and CD30 x OX40-deficient OTH cells in the mesenteric lymph node after oral immunization. However, following oral immunization, CD30 x OX40-deficient OTH cells trafficked to the lamina propria but failed to persist compared with WT OTH cells. This was not due to reduced levels of Bcl-2 or Bcl-XL, because expression of these was comparable between wT and double knockout OTH cells. Collectively, these data demonstrate that signals through CD30 and OX40 are required for the survival of CD4(+) T cells within the small intestine lamina propria. The Journal of Immunology, 2009, 183: 5079-5084.

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  • Immunology in the medical area
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5079-5084
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume183
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes