The Swedish ankle arthroplasty register - An analysis of 531 arthroplasties between 1993 and 2005

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background Whether or not ankles can be replaced with reasonable safety has been the subject of debate. We present the results of a nationwide series of total ankle arthroplasties. Patients and methods All Swedish hospitals that implant or have implanted modern three-component ankle prostheses reported demographic data and date of index and revision surgery to a central register. After the data had been introduced into a database, prosthetic survival rates with exchange or permanent extraction of components as endpoint were calculated. Results Of the 531 prostheses implanted, 101 had been revised by June 15, 2006. The overall survival rate at 5 years was 0.78 (95% CI: 0.74-0.82). For the three surgeons who had inserted the majority of the STAR ankles, the survival rates became significantly higher after the first 30 cases had been performed and was estimated to be 0.86 (0.80-0.93) at 5 years. Lower age at index surgery implied increased risk of revision whereas diagnosis or gender did not. Interpretation Ankle replacement is a valuable alternative to arthrodesis. However, replacing an ankle is a demanding procedure and the survival is not comparable to that after hip or knee replacement. It is obvious that with increasing experience, the results-including prosthetic survival-will improve.

Details

Authors
  • Anders Henricson
  • Anne Skoog
  • Åke Carlsson
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Orthopedics
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)569-574
JournalActa Orthopaedica
Volume78
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Reconstructive Surgery (013240300)