The TCF7L2-dependent high-voltage activated calcium channel subunit α2δ-1 controls calcium signaling in rodent pancreatic beta-cells

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The transcription factor TCF7L2 remains the most important diabetes gene identified to date and genetic risk carriers exhibit lower insulin secretion. We show that Tcf7l2 regulates the auxiliary subunit of voltage-gated Ca2+ channels, Cacna2d1 gene/α2δ-1 protein levels. Furthermore, suppression of α2δ-1 decreased voltage-gated Ca2+ currents and high glucose/depolarization-evoked Ca2+ signaling which mimicked the effect of silencing of Tcf7l2. This appears to be the result of impaired voltage-gated Ca2+ channel trafficking to the plasma membrane, as Cav1.2 channels accumulated in the recycling endosomes after α2δ-1 suppression, in clonal as well as primary rodent beta-cells. This impaired the capacity for glucose-induced insulin secretion in Cacna2d1-silenced cells. Overexpression of α2δ-1 increased high-glucose/K+-stimulated insulin secretion. Furthermore, overexpression of α2δ-1 in Tcf7l2-silenced cells rescued the Tcf7l2-dependent impairment of Ca2+ signaling, but not the reduced insulin secretion. Taken together, these data clarify the connection between Tcf7l2, α2δ-1 in Ca2+-dependent insulin secretion.

Details

Authors
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Endocrinology and Diabetes
  • Cell and Molecular Biology

Keywords

  • TCF7L2, α2δ-1, Type 2 Diabetes
Original languageEnglish
Article number110673
Pages (from-to)1-11
JournalMolecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Volume502
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Feb 15
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes