The UspA1 protein of Moraxella catarrhalis induces CEACAM-1-dependent apoptosis in alveolar epithelial cells.
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Moraxella catarrhalis is a major cause of exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and emphysema. M. catarrhalis–specific UspA1 and the epithelial carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule (CEACAM1) were required to induce apoptosis. M. catarrhalis–induced apoptosis was significantly enhanced in HeLa cells stably transfected with CEACAM1, compared with HeLa cells not expressing CEACAM1. Infected cells showed increased activity of caspases 3, 6, and 9 but not of caspase 8. Reduced expression of Bcl-2, translocation of Bax into the mitochondria, and cytosolic increase of apoptosis-inducing factor in M. catarrhalis–infected cells implicated the involvement of mitochondrial death pathways. In conclusion, M. catarrhalis induced apoptosis in pulmonary epithelial cells—a process that was triggered by interaction between CEACAM1 and UspA1. Thus, M. catarrhalis–induced apoptosis of pulmonary epithelial cells may contribute to the development of COPD and emphysema.
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Journal||Journal of Infectious Diseases|
|Publication status||Published - 2007|