Theoretical and Experimental Studies of Polymer Adsorption and Polymer Mediated Interactions

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (compilation)

Abstract

Polyelectrolyte adsorption and polymer mediated interactions in different colloidal polymer systems have been studied in this work. Theoretical methods and experimental techniques are combined, in order to obtain more general reliable results, as well as a deep understanding of the molecular mechanisms that are responsible for the observed behaviors. Two different types of highly charged cationic polyions have been used to explore the adsorption onto oppositely charged surfaces. The adsorption varies with concentration of simple salt and the adsorption dependence on molecular weight have been considered. Polymer density functional theory and null ellipsometry have been utilized to study the adsorption. Various colloidal polymer systems have also been investigated in order to scrutinize polymer mediated interactions. For systems containing charged colloidal particles and non-adsorbing polyethylene oxide (PEO) chains, we studied gelation and constructed a coarse-grained model, to quantitatively compare predicted structure factors with corresponding experimental data. We have devoted some extra efforts to predict and understand the temperature response of polymer mediated interactions, in systems where the pure polymer solution display an local critical solution temperature (LCST). This has, for instance, resulted in predictions that such colloidal particle + polymer dispersions can display a phase behavior that responds on a nonmonotonic manner to temperature change (specifically: flocculated - dispersed - flocculated). these predictions are in qualitative agreement with experiments, and achieved without any assumptions of temperature-dependent
interactions. Another prediction from our studies on LCST polymer solutions, is that these may undergo phase separations in porous environments, even though there is only one phase for all compositions in the bulk solution.

Details

Authors
  • Fei Xie
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Theoretical Chemistry

Keywords

  • Polyelectrolyte , Adsorption, Colloid, Polymer, Dispersion, Interation, Ellipsometry, Monte Carlo Simulation, Classical Density Functional Theory
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor
Awarding Institution
Supervisors/Assistant supervisor
Award date2016 Apr 22
Print ISBNs978-91-7422-434-4
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Publication categoryResearch

Bibliographic note

Defence details Date: 2016-04-22 Time: 10:30 Place: Hörsal B, Kemicentrum, Naturvetarvägen 14, Lund External reviewer(s) Name: Leermakers, Frans Title: Professor Affiliation: Wageningen University, the Netherlands ---

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