Thermophilic biohydrogen production: how far are we?

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Thermophilic biohydrogen production: how far are we? / Pawar, Sudhanshu; van Niel, Ed.

In: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol. 97, No. 18, 2013, p. 7999-8009.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Thermophilic biohydrogen production: how far are we?

AU - Pawar, Sudhanshu

AU - van Niel, Ed

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Apart from being applied as an energy carrier, hydrogen is in increasing demand as a commodity. Currently, the majority of hydrogen (H2) is produced from fossil fuels, but from an environmental perspective, sustainable H2 production should be considered. One of the possible ways of hydrogen production is through fermentation, in particular, at elevated temperature, i.e. thermophilic biohydrogen production. This short review recapitulates the current status in thermophilic biohydrogen production through fermentation of commercially viable substrates produced from readily available renewable resources, such as agricultural residues. The route to commercially viable biohydrogen production is a multidisciplinary enterprise. Microbiological studies have pointed out certain desirable physiological characteristics in H2-producing microorganisms. More process-oriented research has identified best applicable reactor types and cultivation conditions. Techno-economic and life cycle analyses have identified key process bottlenecks with respect to economic feasibility and its environmental impact. The review has further identified current limitations and gaps in the knowledge, and also deliberates directions for future research and development of thermophilic biohydrogen production.

AB - Apart from being applied as an energy carrier, hydrogen is in increasing demand as a commodity. Currently, the majority of hydrogen (H2) is produced from fossil fuels, but from an environmental perspective, sustainable H2 production should be considered. One of the possible ways of hydrogen production is through fermentation, in particular, at elevated temperature, i.e. thermophilic biohydrogen production. This short review recapitulates the current status in thermophilic biohydrogen production through fermentation of commercially viable substrates produced from readily available renewable resources, such as agricultural residues. The route to commercially viable biohydrogen production is a multidisciplinary enterprise. Microbiological studies have pointed out certain desirable physiological characteristics in H2-producing microorganisms. More process-oriented research has identified best applicable reactor types and cultivation conditions. Techno-economic and life cycle analyses have identified key process bottlenecks with respect to economic feasibility and its environmental impact. The review has further identified current limitations and gaps in the knowledge, and also deliberates directions for future research and development of thermophilic biohydrogen production.

U2 - 10.1007/s00253-013-5141-1

DO - 10.1007/s00253-013-5141-1

M3 - Review article

C2 - 23948723

VL - 97

SP - 7999

EP - 8009

JO - Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

JF - Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

SN - 1432-0614

IS - 18

ER -