Three-dimensional CFD modeling of transport phenomena in anode-supported planar SOFCs

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In this study, a three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics model has been developed for an anode-supported planar SOFC. The conservation equations of mass, momentum, species/charges and thermal energy are solved by finite volume method for a complete unit cell consisting of 13 parallel channels in both anode and cathode. The simulation results of the developed model are well in agreement with the experimental data obtained at same conditions. In this study, the co-flow arrangement with hydrogen utilization of 60 % and operating voltage of 0.7 V is used as the base case, and compared with the counter-flow arrangement. The predicted results reveals that the maximum temperature obtained in the counter-flow arrangement is about 10 A degrees C lower than that of co-flow, but the counter-flow arrangement has a higher temperature gradient between the respective anodes and cathodes in a cross-section normal to the main flow direction, especially in the air inlet region of the cell (x = 0.04 m),which is very harmful to the lifetime of materials. The current density is very unevenly distributed along and normal to the flow direction for both the co- and counter-flow arrangements, and the maximum values occur at junctions of the electrodes, channels and ribs, which causes higher over-potentials and ohmic heating.


  • Zhonggang Zhang
  • Danting Yue
  • Changrong He
  • Shuang Ye
  • Weiguo Wang
  • Jinliang Yuan
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Energy Engineering
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1575-1586
JournalHeat and Mass Transfer
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Publication categoryResearch