Titanium granules pre-treated with hydrogen peroxide inhibit growth of bacteria associated with post-operative infections in spine surgery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: Post-operative infections are relatively common after posterior spine surgery, and there are several observations reflecting different infection complications related to various metals implanted. Here, we selected an array of different bacterial species that are often found in infections associated with orthopaedic implants and tested for inhibition by hydrogen peroxide-treated titanium (Ti-peroxy). Methods: To study the possibility of using Ti-peroxy as an antimicrobial prophylaxis, we developed a protocol for standardized susceptibility testing of bacteria. Results: Importantly, we found that the resulting Ti-peroxy was highly antimicrobial against all aerobic species tested, among others, Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Proteus mirabilis was slightly more resistant than, for example, Klebsiella pneumoniae and enterococci. In contrast, anaerobic bacteria Cutibacterium acnes and Parvimonas micra were equally susceptible compared to staphylococci. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that the Ti-peroxy is a promising perioperative antimicrobial strategy that may be highly effective for prevention of post-operative infections. We therefore suggest application of hydrogen peroxide to implants prior to implantation. Graphical abstract: These slides can be retrieved under Electronic supplementary material.[Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Malmö University
  • Sahlgrenska Academy
  • University of Nantes
  • Nantes University Hospital
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Infectious Medicine
  • Orthopedics

Keywords

  • Bacteria, Growth, Hydrogen peroxide, Titanium, Titanium peroxy
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2463-2468
JournalEuropean Spine Journal
Volume27
Issue number10
Early online date2018 May 7
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes