Toward a statistical description of methane emissions from arctic wetlands

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Methane (CH4) emissions from arctic tundra typically follow relations with soil temperature and water table depth, but these process-based descriptions can be difficult to apply to areas where no measurements exist. We formulated a description of the broader temporal flux pattern in the growing season based on two distinct CH4 source components from slow and fast-turnover carbon. We used automatic closed chamber flux measurements from NE Greenland (74°N), W Greenland (64°N), and Svalbard (78°N) to identify and discuss these components. The temporal separation was well-suited in NE Greenland, where the hypothesized slow-turnover carbon peaked at a time significantly related to the timing of snowmelt. The temporally wider component from fast-turnover carbon dominated the emissions in W Greenland and Svalbard. Altogether, we found no dependence of the total seasonal CH4 budget to the timing of snowmelt, and warmer sites and years tended to yield higher CH4 emissions.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Aarhus University
  • University of Copenhagen
  • Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research (Nibio)
  • University Centre in Svalbard
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Climate Research

Keywords

  • Emission, Greenland, Methane, Svalbard, Tundra
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-80
Number of pages11
JournalAmbio: a Journal of Human Environment
Volume46
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb 1
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes