Toward Inclusive Pharmaceutical Packaging: An Innovation and Design Process Perspective

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (compilation)


Pharmaceutical packaging has an increasing importance in aging societies, where
people depend on medicines for their own care and well-being. Previous research shows that pharmaceutical packaging is a source of uncertainties, confusion, and daily struggles. The challenges experienced by users are extensive; the pharmaceutical industry needs to respond with packaging innovation. To address these complex challenges, more research is necessary on packaging that fulfills user needs and capabilities. This research purpose is to investigate innovation and design processes for pharmaceutical packaging, as well as to stimulate the uptake of inclusive design toward pharmaceutical packaging that meets society’s needs.
The research is interdisciplinary with a qualitative, explorative approach based
on three studies and five appended papers. The first study explored state-of-art
pharmaceutical packaging use by older patients. Physical constraints regarding
packaging design features and the need to support medication management were identified. Subsequent studies were based on empirical investigations. The second study investigated packaging innovation drivers based on a customer-supplier relationship case study of a brand-owner drug manufacturer, and a packaging supplier. The third study expanded those findings, through an interview study with stakeholders (top management, mid-management, and specialists) with experience in pharmaceutical packaging innovation and design processes.
As argued and shown in the empirical investigations, pharmaceutical packaging
innovation is mainly driven by technology and legislation which reinforce standard and incremental packaging design. Furthermore, there are multiple stakeholders’ needs to be balanced. Findings in this research suggest that if packaging design is to be user-centered and inclusive, stakeholders should be actively involved to broaden the spectrum of driving forces that lead packaging innovation and open up new business opportunities. The empirical studies also revealed different levels and modes of user involvement in pharmaceutical packaging design.
Overall, the research expands the rather technological focus of packaging toward
the exploration of industry processes, opening the way for further studies on
inclusive design and social aspects of pharmaceutical packaging innovation and
design, being the collaboration and involvement of users in these processes also of great interest. Packaging practitioners can benefit from the results obtained to
benchmark their own processes. Policy makers and health care providers can reflect about the dilemmas of innovating pharmaceutical packaging that is inclusive and user-centered, and can use the empirical evidence from this research to strengthen and pave the way for new regulations and guidelines. Future agendas may be leveraged from research to other spheres of society, increasing dialog about inclusively designed pharmaceutical packaging and better patient care.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design


  • Inclusive Design, Packaging Design, Packaging Innovation, Pharmaceutical Packaging
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
Supervisors/Assistant supervisor
Thesis sponsors
  • CAPES Foundation-Ministry Of Education Of Brazil
Award date2018 May 18
Place of PublicationLund
  • Division of Packaging Logistics, Department of Design Sciences
Print ISBNs978-91-7753-655-0
Electronic ISBNs978-91-7753-656-7
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Apr 24
Publication categoryResearch

Bibliographic note

Defence details Date: 2018-05-18 Time: 09:00 Place: Stora hörsalen, IKDC, Sölvegatan 26, Lund University, Faculty of Engineering LTH. External reviewer(s) Name: Bix, Laura Title: Professor Affiliation: Michigan State University, East Lansing, USA ---

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Related research output

Giana Carli Lorenzini & Daniel Hellström, 2017 Aug, In : Packaging Technology and Science. 30, 8, p. 525–558

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Giana Lorenzini & Annika Olsson, 2015, Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED), 27-30 July, Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy. Design Society, Vol. 9. p. 65-76

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingPaper in conference proceeding

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Related projects

Giana Lorenzini, Daniel Hellström, Annika Olsson & Rana Mostaghel


Project: Dissertation

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