Towards end-user development of graphical user interfaces for internet of things

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Graphical user interface (GUI) development is generally complicated, time-consuming, and requires programming knowledge. In the context of the internet of things, this work focuses on producing an efficient development approach that also supports non-experts. We introduce a novel "inverted" development approach that does not require program code to be written - a step towards supporting end-user development in the given context. The approach is realized as a language for describing GUIs, interpreters for rendering GUIs, and a graphical tool for creating and editing GUIs. The work is evaluated in a number of research projects in the domain of e-health; we conclude that the GUI language is practically viable for building professional-grade GUIs. Furthermore, the presented editor is compared directly to a market leading product in a controlled experiment. From this, we conclude that the editor is accessible to new users, and that it can be more efficient to use than the commercial alternative.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Software Engineering
  • Human Computer Interaction


  • Development tools, E-health, End-user development, Graphical user interfaces, Internet of things, Middleware
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)670-680
Number of pages11
JournalFuture Generation Computer Systems
Early online date2017 Oct 2
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jun
Publication categoryResearch