Tracking time-variant cluster parameters in MIMO channel measurements: algorithm and results

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper, not in proceeding


This paper presents a joint clustering-and-tracking framework to identify time-variant cluster parameters
for geometry-based stochastic MIMO channel models.
The method uses a Kalman filter for tracking and predicting cluster positions, a novel consistent
initial guess procedure that accounts for predicted cluster centroids, and the well-known KPower-
Means algorithm for cluster identification.
We tested the framework by applying it to three entirely different sets of MIMO channel measurement
data obtained by different channel sounders: indoor measurements conducted at 2.55
GHz, outdoor rural measurements at 300 MHz, and outdoor sub-urban measurements at 2.0 GHz.
The time-variant cluster parameters of interest are: (i) cluster movement, (ii) change of cluster
spreads, (iii) cluster lifetimes, and birth and death rates of cluster.
We find that clusters show significant movement in parameter space depending on the environment.
The spreads of individual clusters change rather randomly over their lifetime, with a
standard deviation up to 150% of their mean spread. The cluster lifetime is approximately exponentially
distributed, however additionally one has to account for long-living clusters coming from
the line-of-sight path or from major reflectors.


  • Nicolai Czink
  • Ruiyuan Tian
  • Shurjeel Wyne
  • Gunnar Eriksson
  • Fredrik Tufvesson
  • Thomas Zemen
  • Jukka-Pekka Nuutinen
  • Juha Ylitalo
  • Ernst Bonek
  • Andreas Molisch
External organisations
  • Technical University Vienna (TU Wien)
  • Swedish Defense Research Agency
  • Elektrobit Corporation
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Publication categoryResearch
Event3rd COST2100 Management Committee Meeting, 2007 - Duisburg, Germany
Duration: 2007 Sep 102007 Sep 12


Conference3rd COST2100 Management Committee Meeting, 2007