Transactivation of EGF receptors in chicken Müller cells by α2A-adrenergic receptors stimulated by brimonidine

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Transactivation of EGF receptors in chicken Müller cells by α2A-adrenergic receptors stimulated by brimonidine. / Harun-Or-Rashid, Mohammad; Lindqvist, Niclas; Hallböök, Finn.

In: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, Vol. 55, No. 6, 06.2014, p. 3385-94.

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Harun-Or-Rashid, Mohammad ; Lindqvist, Niclas ; Hallböök, Finn. / Transactivation of EGF receptors in chicken Müller cells by α2A-adrenergic receptors stimulated by brimonidine. In: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science. 2014 ; Vol. 55, No. 6. pp. 3385-94.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Transactivation of EGF receptors in chicken Müller cells by α2A-adrenergic receptors stimulated by brimonidine

AU - Harun-Or-Rashid, Mohammad

AU - Lindqvist, Niclas

AU - Hallböök, Finn

N1 - Copyright 2014 The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, Inc.

PY - 2014/6

Y1 - 2014/6

N2 - PURPOSE: Alpha2-adrenergic receptor agonists are used in glaucoma treatment and have been shown to have some neuroprotective effects. We performed this study to test the hypothesis that epidermal growth factor receptors on chicken Müller cells are transactivated by α2-adrenergic receptors and we focused on the extracellular signal-activated kinases 1/2 (ERK) pathway.METHODS: Embryonic chicken retina and cultures of primary Müller cells were stimulated by α2-adrenergic receptor agonist brimonidine. Immunostaining, quantitative RT-PCR, and Western blot techniques, in combination with Src, epidermal growth factor receptor kinase, and matrix metalloproteinase inhibitors, were used for analysis of the cellular responses.RESULTS: Our results showed that Müller cells express α2A-adrenergic receptors in vivo and in vitro and that brimonidine triggered a robust and transient phosphorylation of ERK1/2. This ERK-response was Src-kinase dependent, associated with tyrosine phosphorylation of epidermal growth factor receptors (phospho-Y1068, Y1173) and was mediated by matrix metalloproteinase activity on the Müller cells.CONCLUSIONS: Müller cells express the α2A-adrenergic receptor, and brimonidine triggers both Src-kinase- and matrix metalloproteinase-mediated autocrine ligand-dependent activation of epidermal growth factor receptors on Müller cells. This response is consistent with transactivation of epidermal growth factor receptors by stimulation of α2-adrenergic receptors.

AB - PURPOSE: Alpha2-adrenergic receptor agonists are used in glaucoma treatment and have been shown to have some neuroprotective effects. We performed this study to test the hypothesis that epidermal growth factor receptors on chicken Müller cells are transactivated by α2-adrenergic receptors and we focused on the extracellular signal-activated kinases 1/2 (ERK) pathway.METHODS: Embryonic chicken retina and cultures of primary Müller cells were stimulated by α2-adrenergic receptor agonist brimonidine. Immunostaining, quantitative RT-PCR, and Western blot techniques, in combination with Src, epidermal growth factor receptor kinase, and matrix metalloproteinase inhibitors, were used for analysis of the cellular responses.RESULTS: Our results showed that Müller cells express α2A-adrenergic receptors in vivo and in vitro and that brimonidine triggered a robust and transient phosphorylation of ERK1/2. This ERK-response was Src-kinase dependent, associated with tyrosine phosphorylation of epidermal growth factor receptors (phospho-Y1068, Y1173) and was mediated by matrix metalloproteinase activity on the Müller cells.CONCLUSIONS: Müller cells express the α2A-adrenergic receptor, and brimonidine triggers both Src-kinase- and matrix metalloproteinase-mediated autocrine ligand-dependent activation of epidermal growth factor receptors on Müller cells. This response is consistent with transactivation of epidermal growth factor receptors by stimulation of α2-adrenergic receptors.

KW - Adrenergic alpha-2 Receptor Agonists

KW - Animals

KW - Blotting, Western

KW - Brimonidine Tartrate

KW - Cells, Cultured

KW - Chick Embryo

KW - Ependymoglial Cells

KW - Glaucoma

KW - Immunohistochemistry

KW - MAP Kinase Signaling System

KW - Quinoxalines

KW - RNA

KW - Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction

KW - Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor

KW - Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha-2

KW - Retina

KW - Transcriptional Activation

U2 - 10.1167/iovs.13-13823

DO - 10.1167/iovs.13-13823

M3 - Article

VL - 55

SP - 3385

EP - 3394

JO - Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science

T2 - Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science

JF - Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science

SN - 1552-5783

IS - 6

ER -