Treatment of age-related macular degeneration after cataract surgery: a study from the Swedish National Cataract and Macula Registers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: To characterize pre- and perioperative factors associated with treatment for wet age-related macular degeneration (wet AMD) after cataract surgery. Methods: This register-based cohort study with data from the Swedish National Cataract Register (NCR) and the Swedish Macula Register (SMR) from 2010 to 2017 compared eyes with and without preoperative AMD that had undergone cataract surgery and was subsequently treated for wet AMD to eyes not treated within the study period. All first-eye surgeries registered in the NCR from 2010 to 2017 and matching eyes found in the SMR that had undergone treatment for wet AMD ≥ 1 year after the cataract procedure were included. Data for cataract surgery date, age and gender, use of a blue-blocking IOL, preoperative visual acuity, ocular comorbidities, posterior capsule rupture and date of AMD treatment initiation were extracted. Results: The only independent factor associated with postoperative treatment of wet AMD in both groups was female gender (67.3% vs. 58.8%, p < 0.001 and 66.4% vs. 60.6%, p = 0.001, respectively). Older age was an independent factor in eyes without preoperative AMD (78.4 ± 6.5 vs. 73.4 ± 9.6 years, p < 0.001). A blue-blocking IOL appeared to decrease the likelihood of subsequent wet AMD treatment slightly but not statistically significant in eyes with preoperative AMD (52.7% vs. 56.8%, p = 0.110). Conclusions: Some factors (female gender, high age) are associated with undergoing subsequent treatment for wet AMD to a higher extent. If the use of a blue-blocking IOL offers any protection from undergoing AMD treatment after cataract surgery, such an effect must be very small.

Details

Authors
  • Inger Westborg
  • Susanne Albrecht
  • Elisabet Granstam
  • Niklas Karlsson
  • Maria Kugelberg
  • Mats Lundström
  • Per Montan
  • Anders Behndig
Organisations
External organisations
  • Norrland University Hospital
  • Västmanlands läns landsting / Region Västmanland
  • Örebro University Hospital
  • St Erik Eye Hospital
  • Registercentrum Syd
  • Karolinska Institutet
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Ophthalmology

Keywords

  • age-related macular degeneration, blue-blocking IOLs, cataract surgery, register-based cohort study
Original languageEnglish
JournalActa Ophthalmologica
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2020 Jun 23
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes