Tree mode of death and mortality risk factors across Amazon forests

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


title = "Tree mode of death and mortality risk factors across Amazon forests",
abstract = "The carbon sink capacity of tropical forests is substantially affected by tree mortality. However, the main drivers of tropical tree death remain largely unknown. Here we present a pan-Amazonian assessment of how and why trees die, analysing over 120,000 trees representing > 3800 species from 189 long-term RAINFOR forest plots. While tree mortality rates vary greatly Amazon-wide, on average trees are as likely to die standing as they are broken or uprooted—modes of death with different ecological consequences. Species-level growth rate is the single most important predictor of tree death in Amazonia, with faster-growing species being at higher risk. Within species, however, the slowest-growing trees are at greatest risk while the effect of tree size varies across the basin. In the driest Amazonian region species-level bioclimatic distributional patterns also predict the risk of death, suggesting that these forests are experiencing climatic conditions beyond their adaptative limits. These results provide not only a holistic pan-Amazonian picture of tree death but large-scale evidence for the overarching importance of the growth–survival trade-off in driving tropical tree mortality.",
author = "Adriane Esquivel-Muelbert and Phillips, {Oliver L.} and Brienen, {Roel J.W.} and Sophie Fauset and Sullivan, {Martin J.P.} and Baker, {Timothy R.} and Chao, {Kuo Jung} and Feldpausch, {Ted R.} and Emanuel Gloor and Niro Higuchi and Jeanne Houwing-Duistermaat and Jon Lloyd and Haiyan Liu and Yadvinder Malhi and Beatriz Marimon and {Marimon Junior}, {Ben Hur} and Abel Monteagudo-Mendoza and Lourens Poorter and Marcos Silveira and Torre, {Emilio Vilanova} and D{\'a}vila, {Esteban Alvarez} and {del Aguila Pasquel}, Jhon and Everton Almeida and Loayza, {Patricia Alvarez} and Ana Andrade and Arag{\~a}o, {Luiz E.O.C.} and Alejandro Araujo-Murakami and Eric Arets and Luzmila Arroyo and {Aymard C}, {Gerardo A.} and Michel Baisie and Christopher Baraloto and Camargo, {Pl{\'i}nio Barbosa} and Jorcely Barroso and Lilian Blanc and Damien Bonal and Frans Bongers and Ren{\'e} Boot and Foster Brown and Benoit Burban and Camargo, {Jos{\'e} Lu{\'i}s} and Wendeson Castro and Moscoso, {Victor Chama} and Jerome Chave and James Comiskey and Valverde, {Fernando Cornejo} and {da Costa}, {Antonio Lola} and Cardozo, {Nallaret Davila} and {Di Fiore}, Anthony and Aur{\'e}lie Dourdain and Terry Erwin and Llampazo, {Gerardo Flores} and Vieira, {Ima C{\'e}lia Guimar{\~a}es} and Rafael Herrera and {Honorio Coronado}, Eur{\'i}dice and Isau Huamantupa-Chuquimaco and Eliana Jimenez-Rojas and Timothy Killeen and Susan Laurance and William Laurance and Aurora Levesley and Lewis, {Simon L.} and Ladvocat, {Karina Liana Lisboa Melga{\c c}o} and Gabriela Lopez-Gonzalez and Thomas Lovejoy and Patrick Meir and Casimiro Mendoza and Paulo Morandi and David Neill and {Nogueira Lima}, {Adriano Jos{\'e}} and Vargas, {Percy Nu{\~n}ez} and {de Oliveira}, {Edmar Almeida} and Camacho, {Nadir Pallqui} and Guido Pardo and Julie Peacock and Marielos Pe{\~n}a-Claros and Pe{\~n}uela-Mora, {Maria Cristina} and Georgia Pickavance and John Pipoly and Nigel Pitman and Adriana Prieto and Pugh, {Thomas A.M.} and Carlos Quesada and Hirma Ramirez-Angulo and {de Almeida Reis}, {Simone Matias} and Maxime Rejou-Machain and Correa, {Zorayda Restrepo} and Bayona, {Lily Rodriguez} and Agust{\'i}n Rudas and Rafael Salom{\~a}o and Julio Serrano and Espejo, {Javier Silva} and Natalino Silva and James Singh and Clement Stahl and Juliana Stropp and Varun Swamy and Joey Talbot and {ter Steege}, Hans and John Terborgh and Raquel Thomas and Marisol Toledo and Armando Torres-Lezama and Gamarra, {Luis Valenzuela} and {van der Heijden}, Geertje and {van der Meer}, Peter and {van der Hout}, Peter and Martinez, {Rodolfo Vasquez} and Vieira, {Simone Aparecida} and Cayo, {Jeanneth Villalobos} and Vincent Vos and Roderick Zagt and Pieter Zuidema and David Galbraith",
year = "2020",
month = dec,
doi = "10.1038/s41467-020-18996-3",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
journal = "Nature Communications",
issn = "2041-1723",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "1",