Trends and recommendations for critical care nursing research in the Nordic countries: Triangulation of review and survey data

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Background: Priorities for critical care nursing research have evolved with societal trends and values. In the 1980s priorities were the nursing workforce, in 1990s technical nursing, in 2000s evidence-based nursing and in 2010s symptom management and family-centred care. Objectives: To identify current trends and future recommendations for critical care nursing research in the Nordic countries. Methods: We triangulated the results of a literature review and a survey. A review of two selected critical care nursing journals (2016–2017) was conducted using content analysis to identify contemporary published research. A self-administered computerised cross-sectional survey of Nordic critical care nursing researchers (2017) reported current and future areas of research. Results: A review of 156 papers identified research related to the patient (13%), family (12%), nurse (31%), and therapies (44%). Current trends in the survey (n = 76, response rate 65%) included patient and family involvement, nurse performance and education, and evidence-based protocols. The datasets showed similar trends, but aftercare was only present in the survey. Future trends included symptom management, transitions, rehabilitation, and new nursing roles. Conclusion: Critical care nursing research is trending toward increased collaboration with patient and family, delineating a shift toward user values. Recommendations include long-term outcomes and impact of nursing.


  • Ingrid Egerod
  • Gudrun Kaldan
  • Berit Lindahl
  • Britt Sætre Hansen
  • Janet Froulund Jensen
  • Marie Oxenbøll Collet
  • Kristin Halvorsen
  • Thomas Eriksson
  • Sepideh Olausson
  • Hanne Irene Jensen
External organisations
  • University of Copenhagen
  • Copenhagen University Hospital
  • Stavanger University Hospital
  • University of Stavanger
  • Holbæk Hospital
  • University of Borås
  • Sahlgrenska Academy
  • University of Southern Denmark
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Nursing


  • Critical care nursing, Intensive care unit, Research priorities, Review, Survey
Original languageEnglish
Article number102765
Pages (from-to)1-8
JournalIntensive and Critical Care Nursing
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Publication categoryResearch
Externally publishedYes