Triolein from Coix lacryma-jobi induces cell cycle arrest through p53/p21 signaling pathway
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p53, a tumor suppressor protein, has important roles in DNA repair, cell cycle and apoptosis, is a one of the key events in cancer development. Coix lacryma-jobi seed has been used as a food and traditional medicine plant with anti-oxidant, anti-cancer and anti-diabetic effects. In currently research, we identified the most potent p53-increasing compound among 4 compounds (1-4) found in Coix lacryma-jobi and demonstrated its molecular mechanism in MCF-7 cells. Among the four isolated compounds (1-4), triolein most increased p53. Triolein treatment induced p53, p21, p27 and Bax in MCF-7 cells. Moreover, triolein caused S phase arrest through suppression of CDK1, phopho-Rb and E2F1 in dose-dependent manner. We also observed the decreasing of DNA synthesis by triolein. These data suggest that triolein may induced cell cycle restart involve DNA synthesis and apoptosis pathway in MCF-7 cells.
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biomedical and Pharmacology Journal|
|Publication status||Published - 2016|