Two factor IX mutations in the family of an isolated haemophilia B patient: direct carrier diagnosis by amplification mismatch detection (AMD)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Rapid identification of gene defects allows definite carrier and prenatal diagnosis in virtually every family with haemophilia B. We report a study of the family of an isolated patient. Analysis of all the essential regions of the patient's factor IX gene (promoter, exons, transcript processing signals) revealed two mutations: one C----T transition at residue 17762 and another at residue 30890. The former created a translation stop at codon 116, and the latter caused substitution of His 257 by Tyr. The translation stop is an obvious detrimental mutation, while the His 257----Tyr substitution has uncertain functional consequences. From analysis of other family members, it was found that the first mutation had occurred at grandpaternal gametogenesis, in keeping with the negative family history, while the second was of more remote origin and did not reduce the maternal grandfather's factor IX coagulant and antigen level. This neutral mutation (His 257----Tyr) pinpoints a poorly conserved amino acid in factor IX and related serine proteases. Its coexistence with a detrimental mutation stresses the need to examine all essential regions of a gene before attempting to interpret the functional consequences of its sequence changes.


  • A J Montandon
  • P M Green
  • D R Bentley
  • R Ljung
  • Inga Marie Nilsson
  • F Giannelli
External organisations
  • King's College London
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Hematology


  • Antigens, Base Sequence, Child, Preschool, Codon, Exons, Factor IX, Hemophilia B, Heterozygote Detection, Humans, Male, Molecular Sequence Data, Mutation, Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques, Pedigree, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Case Reports, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)200-4
JournalHuman Genetics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1990 Jul
Publication categoryResearch