Two-stage performance engineering of container-based virtualization

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cloud computing has become a compelling paradigm built on compute and storage virtualization technologies. The current virtualization solution in the Cloud widely relies on hypervisor-based technologies. Given the recent booming of the container ecosystem, the container-based virtualization starts receiving more attention for being a promising alternative. Although the container technologies are generally considered to be lightweight, no virtualization solution is ideally resource-free, and the corresponding performance overheads will lead to negative impacts on the quality of Cloud services. To facilitate understanding container technologies from the performance engineering's perspective, we conducted two-stage performance investigations into Docker containers as a concrete example. At the first stage, we used a physical machine with “just-enough” resource as a baseline to investigate the performance overhead of a standalone Docker container against a standalone virtual machine (VM). With findings contrary to the related work, our evaluation results show that the virtualization's performance overhead could vary not only on a feature-by-feature basis but also on a job-to-job basis. Moreover, the hypervisor-based technology does not come with higher performance overhead in every case. For example, Docker containers particularly exhibit lower QoS in terms of storage transaction speed. At the ongoing second stage, we employed a physical machine with “fair-enough” resource to implement a container-based MapReduce application and try to optimize its performance. In fact, this machine failed in affording VM-based MapReduce clusters in the same scale. The performance tuning results show that the effects of different optimization strategies could largely be related to the data characteristics. For example, LZO compression can bring the most significant performance improvement when dealing with text data in our case.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Nanjing University
  • University of Concepción
  • University of Melbourne
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Software Engineering

Keywords

  • Cloud Computing, Container, Hypervisor, MapReduce, Performance Engineering, Virtualization
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)521-536
Number of pages16
JournalAdvances in Science, Technology and Engineering Systems
Volume3
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes