Ultrafast excited state dynamics of [Cr(CO)4(bpy)]: Revealing the relaxation between triplet charge-transfer states

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Abstract

Ultrafast excited state dynamics of [Cr(CO)4(bpy)] upon metal-to-ligand charge-transfer (1MLCT) transition have been studied by pump-probe absorption spectroscopy in CH3CN, pyridine and CH2Cl2 solvents. Intersystem crossing (ISC) was found to be very fast (∼100 fs) and efficient, while the formation of the photoproduct with one axial CO dissociated is significantly less competitive, indicating a barrier along the dissociative coordinate. As a refinement of the previous dynamic model [I. R. Farrell, et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1999, 121, 5296-5301], we show that a conventional downhill energy relaxation concept dominates the observed dynamics. Experimentally, we have identified the consecutive population of two triplet states as a result of triplet electronic relaxation convoluted with vibrational and solvent relaxation (the overall time is 2.7-6.9 ps depending on solvent), as well as the overall depopulation of the excited state through the lowest triplet state (57-84 ps). Adaptive excitation pulse shaping could not achieve optimization of the photoproduct quantum yield via re-distribution of only low-frequency vibrational modes during excitation, indicating that the two low-lying 1MLCT states, Cr(3d) → π∗bpy and Cr(3d) → π∗CO, are not coupled.

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  • Physical Chemistry
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20507-20515
Number of pages9
JournalRSC Advances
Volume6
Issue number25
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes