Ultrafast Optical Generation of Coherent Bright and Dark Surface Phonon Polaritons in Nanowires

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The subwavelength confinement and enhanced electric field created by plasmons allow precise sensing and enhanced light–matter interaction. However, the high frequency and short lifetime of plasmons limit the full potential of this technology. It is crucial to find substitutes and to study their dynamics. Here, we propose an experimental approach allowing the time-domain study of surface phonon polaritons. We first build a theoretical framework for the interaction of ultrashort pulses of light with polar materials. We then perform femtosecond pump–probe experiments and demonstrate the generation and time-resolved detection of surface phonon polaritons. By comparing experiments and simulations, we show the presence of both bright and dark modes with quality factors up to 115. We then investigate mode-dependent decay and energy transfer to the environment. Our results offer a platform for the experimental exploration of the dynamics of surface phonon polaritons and of the role of coherence in energy transfer.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics

Keywords

  • Phonons, Nanowires, Optical properties, Polarization, Doping
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1923-1931
Number of pages9
JournalACS Photonics
Volume7
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jul 20
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes