Ultrastructural characterization of embryonic chick cartilage proteoglycan core protein and the mapping of a monoclonal antibody epitope
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The ultrastructure of embryonic chick cartilage proteoglycan core protein was investigated by electron microscopy of specimens prepared by low angle shadowing. The molecular images demonstrated a morphological substructural arrangement of three globular and two linear regions within each core protein. The internal globular region (G2) was separated from two terminally located globular regions (G1 and G3) by two elongated strands with lengths of 21 +/- 3 nm (E1) and 105 +/- 22 nm (E2). The two N-terminal globular regions, separated by the 21-nm segment, were consistently visualized in well spread molecules and showed little variation in the length of the linear segment connecting them. The E2 segment, however, was quite variable in length, and the C-terminal globular region (G3) was detected in only 53% of the molecules. The G1, G2, and G3 regions in chick core protein were 10.1 +/- 1.7 nm, 9.7 +/- 1.3 nm, and 8.3 +/- 1.3 nm in diameter, respectively. These results are similar to those described previously for proteoglycan core proteins isolated from rat chondrosarcoma, bovine nasal cartilage, and pig laryngeal cartilage (Paulsson, M., Morgelin, M., Wiedemann, H., Beardmore-Gray, M., Dunham, D., Hardingham, T., Heinegard, D., Timpl, R., and Engel, J. (1987) Biochem. J. 245, 763-772). However, a significant difference was detected between the length of the elongated strand (E2) of core proteins isolated from chick cartilage, E2 length = 105 +/- 22 nm, compared to bovine nasal cartilage, E2 length = 260 +/- 39 nm. The epitope of the proteoglycan core protein-specific monoclonal antibody, S103L, was visualized by electron microscopy, and the distance from the core protein N terminus to the S103L binding site was measured. The S103L binding site was localized to the E2 region, 111 +/- 20 nm from the G1 (N terminus) domain and 34 nm from the G3 (C terminus) domain. cDNA clones selected from an expression vector library of chicken cartilage mRNA also show this epitope to be located near the C-terminal region (R. C. Krueger, T. A. Fields, J. Mensch, and B. Schwartz (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 12088-12097).
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1990|