Ultra-wideband communications using hybrid matched filter correlation receivers

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Abstract

Transmitted-reference (TR) schemes for time-hopping impulse radio (TH-IR) ultra-wideband (UWB) communications allow the use of simple receiver structures that are able to combine energy from different multipath components without channel estimation. A conventional TR receiver consists of a simple delay-and-multiply operation combined with an integrator. On the downside, it shows a performance loss due to non-linear operations on noise terms (generation of noise-noise cross-terms) when forming the decision variable. This paper describes a hybrid receiver structure for UWB communications that reduces these noise-noise cross-terms by first performing a "matched filtering" operation matched to the time-hopping sequence of pulses. The receiver retains most of the simplicity of the conventional TR receiver, but requires an analog correlator for the time-hopping sequence of pulses. The performance the proposed receiver is analyzed in both AWGN and multipath channels. For the AWGN case, the exact expression for the bit error probability is obtained, which takes into account the non-Gaussian nature of the noise-noise cross-terms arising in the correlators. For the multipath case, both inter-frame interference and multipath interference from the reference pulse to the data pulse are considered, and approximate closed-form expressions are derived based on the assumption of a large integration interval. Also approximate criteria for optimal integration interval are obtained for the best receiver performance. Simulation studies are presented to analyze the performance of the proposed receiver structure and to confirm the theoretical analysis.

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Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering

Keywords

  • receivers, transmitted-reference (TR), inter-frame interference (IFI), multipath channels, impulse radio (IR), ultra-wideband (UWB)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3119-3129
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Volume5
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

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