Understanding Poverty in Cash-crop Agro-forestry Systems: Evidence from Ghana and Ethiopia

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Understanding Poverty in Cash-crop Agro-forestry Systems : Evidence from Ghana and Ethiopia. / Hirons, M.; Robinson, E.; McDermott, C.; Morel, A.; Asare, R.; Boyd, E.; Gonfa, T.; Gole, T. W.; Malhi, Y.; Mason, J.; Norris, K.

In: Ecological Economics, Vol. 154, 01.12.2018, p. 31-41.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Hirons, M, Robinson, E, McDermott, C, Morel, A, Asare, R, Boyd, E, Gonfa, T, Gole, TW, Malhi, Y, Mason, J & Norris, K 2018, 'Understanding Poverty in Cash-crop Agro-forestry Systems: Evidence from Ghana and Ethiopia', Ecological Economics, vol. 154, pp. 31-41. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2018.07.021

APA

CBE

Hirons M, Robinson E, McDermott C, Morel A, Asare R, Boyd E, Gonfa T, Gole TW, Malhi Y, Mason J, Norris K. 2018. Understanding Poverty in Cash-crop Agro-forestry Systems: Evidence from Ghana and Ethiopia. Ecological Economics. 154:31-41. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2018.07.021

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Author

Hirons, M. ; Robinson, E. ; McDermott, C. ; Morel, A. ; Asare, R. ; Boyd, E. ; Gonfa, T. ; Gole, T. W. ; Malhi, Y. ; Mason, J. ; Norris, K. / Understanding Poverty in Cash-crop Agro-forestry Systems : Evidence from Ghana and Ethiopia. In: Ecological Economics. 2018 ; Vol. 154. pp. 31-41.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Understanding Poverty in Cash-crop Agro-forestry Systems

T2 - Ecological Economics

AU - Hirons, M.

AU - Robinson, E.

AU - McDermott, C.

AU - Morel, A.

AU - Asare, R.

AU - Boyd, E.

AU - Gonfa, T.

AU - Gole, T. W.

AU - Malhi, Y.

AU - Mason, J.

AU - Norris, K.

PY - 2018/12/1

Y1 - 2018/12/1

N2 - This paper examines the linkages between cash-crop income and other dimensions of poverty to interrogate assumptions regarding the relationship between agricultural income and poverty alleviation. The analysis treats poverty as a multi-dimensional and socially disaggregated phenomenon. The paper employs a mixed methods approach to case studies of Ghana and Ethiopia to explore two critical issues. First, how income from cash crops is linked with other dimensions of poverty. Second, how income and land are socially disaggregated. The paper then draws on qualitative data to critically reflect on how poverty is understood within studied communities. The results show that some, but not all, indicators of poverty vary across income quartiles and that significant differences exist across social groups. The analysis suggests that although cash crops are essential, focusing on increasing income from cash crops will not necessarily have a predictable or progressive impact on wellbeing. Furthermore, the analysis highlights how contextual factors, such as the provision of communal services, the nature of land holdings and the quality of local governance mediate the potential poverty alleviating outcomes of income increases. Future development of sustainable intensification strategies should focus on the prevalence of trade-offs and the fundamental social relations underpinning poverty dynamics.

AB - This paper examines the linkages between cash-crop income and other dimensions of poverty to interrogate assumptions regarding the relationship between agricultural income and poverty alleviation. The analysis treats poverty as a multi-dimensional and socially disaggregated phenomenon. The paper employs a mixed methods approach to case studies of Ghana and Ethiopia to explore two critical issues. First, how income from cash crops is linked with other dimensions of poverty. Second, how income and land are socially disaggregated. The paper then draws on qualitative data to critically reflect on how poverty is understood within studied communities. The results show that some, but not all, indicators of poverty vary across income quartiles and that significant differences exist across social groups. The analysis suggests that although cash crops are essential, focusing on increasing income from cash crops will not necessarily have a predictable or progressive impact on wellbeing. Furthermore, the analysis highlights how contextual factors, such as the provision of communal services, the nature of land holdings and the quality of local governance mediate the potential poverty alleviating outcomes of income increases. Future development of sustainable intensification strategies should focus on the prevalence of trade-offs and the fundamental social relations underpinning poverty dynamics.

KW - Agriculture

KW - Cocoa

KW - Coffee

KW - Ethiopia

KW - Ghana

KW - Poverty

U2 - 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2018.07.021

DO - 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2018.07.021

M3 - Article

VL - 154

SP - 31

EP - 41

JO - Ecological Economics

JF - Ecological Economics

SN - 0921-8009

ER -