松花江流域水生态功能分区研究: 应用手册

Research output: Book/ReportAnthology (editor)

Abstract

The book "Aqua-ecologic Functional Zoning of Songhua River Basin: Application Manual" introduces the technical methodology and detailed application instructions for aqua-ecologic functional zoning in Songhua River Basin in a systematic way in nine Chapters. Based on a general introduction of concept and in-depth contents of aqua-ecologic zoning and its methodology, this application manual addresses mainly the theoretical foundation, the naming and the coding rules as well as the technical schemes of the four zoning system for the river basin. It then provides a basin wide, detailed application instruction for each of the four zoning systems together with the river-reach based aqua-ecologic functional zoning.
With detailed technical instructions, this application manual strives to increase the usefulness of the previous research outcome. This book can be used by environmental managers and scientists in environmental protection, ecology, water conservancy, agriculture, forestry, land resources and planning and other relevant sectors. It can also be used at institutions or universities in subjects such as biology, ecology, systematics, environmental science, environment engineering, hydrology and water resources and watershed planning and management as reference. Meanwhile, the book provides important basis for decision-making at the Songhua River Basin governmental agencies such as environment, watershed management, policy and regulation making and the targeted ecological protection.

River basin based water resources management, and further, the achievement of sustainable development in water resources management are premise for successful river basin management. The structures and the functions of aqua-ecologic system within a river basin vary constantly in line with changing environmental and structural patterns of the basin. Through aqua-ecological zoning system will let us gain better understanding of aqua-ecology status and its evolution mechanism, and further, achieve efficient utilization of water resources and at same time, maintain sufficient protection for the ecological system.

As one of the seven largest river basins in China, the Songhua River Basin is of vital importance for the economic restoration and re-development for the entire Northeast region of China. The Songhua River Basin is also playing a strategic role in aqua-environmental aspects since it is the main tributary of the Sino-Russian border river Heilong River.
The Songhua River Basin belongs temperate and boreal watershed. It contains the wide spread boreal pine forests in northern part of Greater Khingan Mountain; temperate mixed forest in Minor Khingan Mountain and Changbai Mountain; meadow steppe marsh and swamp in floodplain areas; contributing to unique, large scale vegetation landscape. This vast area also builds up a major base for the country’s livestock and forestry as well as modern agriculture. Compared to other rivers in China, this basin is enjoying less pollution with apparent and complex regional characteristics. However, with the rapid urbanization, industrial development and modernization of agriculture, the ecological and environmental stresses are constantly increasing and the challenges are getting more serious. The development of aqua-ecological zoning system will provide deeper research on aqua-ecological properties and corresponding management technologies. This will contribute to a holistic and effective protection and management of aqua-environment, leading to a healthy and sound ecological development for the future.
The book is divided into nine chapters with a general outlook as the first part. The first Chapter introduces the basic characteristics of the natural and physical environment; the land use and the socio-economic properties within the basin with an analysis of their differentiation pattern. Chapter II introduces in a first step, the concept of river basin aqua-ecologic functional zoning; basic characteristics compared to existing function zones. In the second step, it explains the fours stage zoning system, the principle, the procedure and the technical methods. Chapter III introduces the details for each stage, the zoning foundation; the purpose and the principle. Chapter IV explains the naming convention and the coding protocol for all the stages respectively. Chapter V summarizes the technical protocols for each of the zoning stage. The following four chapter devote to detailed information of the location and distribution; river basin property; land information and its protection objectives for each stage. Chapter VI introduces the technical specification for the first stage zoning. Chapter VII introduces the technical specification for the second stage zoning. Chapter VIII introduces the technical specification for the third and fourth stage zoning. Chapter IV devotes to the specification for the ecological system analysis based on each river reach.
Chapter I is written by Qixing Zhou, Hongbing Yu, Liyan Zheng, Minghui Chen, Daguang Sun, Chunli Kang, Li Yu, Xia Wang, Fengxiang Li and Derong Wang. Chapter II is written by Liyan Zheng, Hongbing Yu, Qixing Zhou, Zengzhi Yu. Chapter III is written by Hongbing Yu, Liyan Zheng, Linus Zhang and Han Yu. Chapter VI is written by Liyan Zheng, Hongbing Yu, Zengzhi Yu, Shengqiang Wang, Yong Li, Meng Xin, Zhaoyu Qi, Jinxing Li, Chapter V is written by Liyan Zheng, Hongbing Yu, Qixing Zhou, Zifu Tian, Jie Yuan, Feng Zhao, Hui Zhang, Wenge Zhao, Xiaoyin Sun, Yanbing Zhao. Chapter VI is written by Liyan Zheng, Hongbing Yu, Qixing Zhou, Xiaoyin Sun, Fengxiang Li. Chapter VII is written by Liyan Zheng, Hongbing Yu, Qixing Zhou, Zengzhi Yu, Xiaoyin Sun. Chapter VIII is written by Liyan Zheng, Hongbing Yu, Zengzhi Yu, Linus Zhang, Han Yu. Chapter IV is written by Liyan Zheng, Hongbing Yu, Zengzhi Yu, Linus Zhang, Han Yu.
This book is based on the results of the national water pollution control and management technology major special projects "Research on Primary and Secondary Zoning of Songhua River Basin Aqua-Ecological Functions" (Project No: 2008ZX07526-002-01) and "Research on Third and Fourth Zoning of Songhua River Basin Aqua-Ecological Functions" (Project No: 2012ZX07501002-01). With the outcomes of this research data and field material for more than ten years, we strive to provide a handy manual in combining theory and practice in sufficient details. The book has got enthusiastic support and guidance from Professor Yuan Jiang and Yuan Zhang, which is greatly acknowledged.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Nankai University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Water Engineering
Translated title of the contributionAqua-ecologic Functional Zoning of Songhua River Basin
Original languageChinese
Place of PublicationBeijing
PublisherChemical Industry Press
Number of pages546
ISBN (Print)978-7-122-30635-7
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedNo