Urban and peri-urban family-based pig-keeping in Cambodia: Characteristics, management and perceived benefits and constraints

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Keeping pigs in urban and peri-urban areas may not only provide many benefits for the urban households, but may also be challenging and a potential health hazard. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to describe household characteristics and to evaluate perceived benefits and constraints among pig-keepers in the urban and peri-urban areas of Phnom Penh, Cambodia. The study included 204 households and a structured questionnaire was used to interview the household member responsible for taking care of the pigs. Descriptive analyses showed that most households kept between 5 and 15 pigs and that all households kept their pigs in confinement. About 97% of the households owned the pigs themselves and the pigs were generally managed by female household members (43%). Pigs were mainly kept for commercial purposes and more than 60% of the households stated that income from pig-keeping was the main or one of the main sources of revenue for the household. More than 82% reported that they had experienced disease outbreaks among their pigs during the past three years and disease outbreaks were more commonly reported in households with lower socio-economic position (P = 0.025). Disease outbreaks were considered one of the main constraints, along with expensive feed and low payment prices for the slaughter pigs, but few households considered sanitary or other public health issues problematic. Thus, pig-keeping makes an important contribution to the livelihoods of urban and peri-urban households, but many households face external constraints on their production, such as diseases and low revenues, which may have a negative impact on their livelihoods.


External organisations
  • Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
  • Swedish National Veterinary Institute
  • Centre for Livestock and Agriculture Development (CelAgrid)
  • National Veterinary Research Institute (NaVRI)
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Economic Geography
  • Animal and Dairy Science
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e0182247
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Publication categoryResearch