Use of colour and spectral Doppler ultrasound examination in gynaecology

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Use of colour and spectral Doppler ultrasound examination in gynaecology. / Valentin, Lil.

In: European Journal of Ultrasound, Vol. 6, No. 3, 1997, p. 143-163.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Use of colour and spectral Doppler ultrasound examination in gynaecology

AU - Valentin, Lil

PY - 1997

Y1 - 1997

N2 - Objective: To review and sum up the published literature on gynecological Doppler ultrasound examination. Methods: Publications on gynecological Doppler ultrasound examination already known by the author, publications found in the bibliographic database Medline, and publications found in the reference lists of available studies were read, and relevant information was extracted and summarized. Results: Reference data representative of normal findings at transvaginal color and spectral Doppler ultrasound examination of the uterine and ovarian arteries have been established in healthy pre- and post-menopausal women and in normal early pregnancies. Blood flow velocities in the uterine and ovarian arteries change during the normal menstrual cycle and are very different in pre- and post-menopausal women. Lower blood flow velocities and higher pulsatility index (PI) values have been recorded in the ovarian arteries after the menopause. Uterine artery blood flow velocities increase and uterine artery PI values and resistance index (RI) values decrease with gestational age in the first trimester. There is not yet an established role of the gynecological Doppler ultrasound examination in clinical practice. It remains unclear whether the gynecological Doppler ultrasound examination contributes substantially to the clinical management of early pregnancy complications or infertility problems, to the differential diagnosis of pelvic masses or uterine pathology. Conclusions: Large prospective studies-preferably randomized controled trials-are needed to determine the clinical value of the gynecological Doppler ultrasound examination.

AB - Objective: To review and sum up the published literature on gynecological Doppler ultrasound examination. Methods: Publications on gynecological Doppler ultrasound examination already known by the author, publications found in the bibliographic database Medline, and publications found in the reference lists of available studies were read, and relevant information was extracted and summarized. Results: Reference data representative of normal findings at transvaginal color and spectral Doppler ultrasound examination of the uterine and ovarian arteries have been established in healthy pre- and post-menopausal women and in normal early pregnancies. Blood flow velocities in the uterine and ovarian arteries change during the normal menstrual cycle and are very different in pre- and post-menopausal women. Lower blood flow velocities and higher pulsatility index (PI) values have been recorded in the ovarian arteries after the menopause. Uterine artery blood flow velocities increase and uterine artery PI values and resistance index (RI) values decrease with gestational age in the first trimester. There is not yet an established role of the gynecological Doppler ultrasound examination in clinical practice. It remains unclear whether the gynecological Doppler ultrasound examination contributes substantially to the clinical management of early pregnancy complications or infertility problems, to the differential diagnosis of pelvic masses or uterine pathology. Conclusions: Large prospective studies-preferably randomized controled trials-are needed to determine the clinical value of the gynecological Doppler ultrasound examination.

KW - Ultrasound

KW - Doppler

KW - Color velocity imaging

KW - Transvaginal

KW - Gynecology

U2 - 10.1016/S0929-8266(97)10023-4

DO - 10.1016/S0929-8266(97)10023-4

M3 - Article

VL - 6

SP - 143

EP - 163

JO - European Journal of Ultrasound

JF - European Journal of Ultrasound

SN - 0929-8266

IS - 3

ER -