Use of sunbeds or sunlamps and malignant melanoma in southern Sweden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Standard

Use of sunbeds or sunlamps and malignant melanoma in southern Sweden. / Westerdahl, J; Olsson, Håkan; Måsbäck, A; Ingvar, C; Jonsson, N; Brandt, L; Jönsson, P E; Möller, Torgil.

In: American Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 140, No. 8, 15.10.1994, p. 691-9.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Westerdahl, J, Olsson, H, Måsbäck, A, Ingvar, C, Jonsson, N, Brandt, L, Jönsson, PE & Möller, T 1994, 'Use of sunbeds or sunlamps and malignant melanoma in southern Sweden', American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 140, no. 8, pp. 691-9.

APA

Westerdahl, J., Olsson, H., Måsbäck, A., Ingvar, C., Jonsson, N., Brandt, L., ... Möller, T. (1994). Use of sunbeds or sunlamps and malignant melanoma in southern Sweden. American Journal of Epidemiology, 140(8), 691-9.

CBE

Westerdahl J, Olsson H, Måsbäck A, Ingvar C, Jonsson N, Brandt L, Jönsson PE, Möller T. 1994. Use of sunbeds or sunlamps and malignant melanoma in southern Sweden. American Journal of Epidemiology. 140(8):691-9.

MLA

Vancouver

Westerdahl J, Olsson H, Måsbäck A, Ingvar C, Jonsson N, Brandt L et al. Use of sunbeds or sunlamps and malignant melanoma in southern Sweden. American Journal of Epidemiology. 1994 Oct 15;140(8):691-9.

Author

Westerdahl, J ; Olsson, Håkan ; Måsbäck, A ; Ingvar, C ; Jonsson, N ; Brandt, L ; Jönsson, P E ; Möller, Torgil. / Use of sunbeds or sunlamps and malignant melanoma in southern Sweden. In: American Journal of Epidemiology. 1994 ; Vol. 140, No. 8. pp. 691-9.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Use of sunbeds or sunlamps and malignant melanoma in southern Sweden

AU - Westerdahl, J

AU - Olsson, Håkan

AU - Måsbäck, A

AU - Ingvar, C

AU - Jonsson, N

AU - Brandt, L

AU - Jönsson, P E

AU - Möller, Torgil

PY - 1994/10/15

Y1 - 1994/10/15

N2 - In a population-based, matched case-control study from the South Swedish Health Care Region, which has the highest risk for melanoma in Sweden, the relation between the use of sunbeds or sunlamps and malignant melanoma was investigated. Between July 1, 1988, and June 30, 1990, a total of 400 melanoma patients and 640 healthy controls aged 15-75 years answered a comprehensive questionnaire containing different epidemiologic variables. Questions regarding the use of sunbeds or sunlamps were included. The odds ratio for developing malignant melanoma after ever having used sunbeds or sunlamps was 1.3. Considering all age groups, the odds ratio was significantly elevated after exposure more than 10 times a year to sunbeds or sunlamps (odds ratio (OR) = 1.8). When the study was restricted to patients and controls younger than age 30 years because the use of tanning devices is much more common among young persons, the odds ratio was higher (OR = 7.7 for more than 10 times a year vs. none). These findings were independent of constitutional factors and factors regarding sun exposure. A dose-response relation was evident. Furthermore, among melanoma patients in this young age group, the ratio of females to males was significantly higher than in older patients. When different melanoma presentation sites were considered, only lesions of the trunk were significantly associated with sunbed or sunlamp use (OR = 4.2 for more than 10 times a year vs. none).

AB - In a population-based, matched case-control study from the South Swedish Health Care Region, which has the highest risk for melanoma in Sweden, the relation between the use of sunbeds or sunlamps and malignant melanoma was investigated. Between July 1, 1988, and June 30, 1990, a total of 400 melanoma patients and 640 healthy controls aged 15-75 years answered a comprehensive questionnaire containing different epidemiologic variables. Questions regarding the use of sunbeds or sunlamps were included. The odds ratio for developing malignant melanoma after ever having used sunbeds or sunlamps was 1.3. Considering all age groups, the odds ratio was significantly elevated after exposure more than 10 times a year to sunbeds or sunlamps (odds ratio (OR) = 1.8). When the study was restricted to patients and controls younger than age 30 years because the use of tanning devices is much more common among young persons, the odds ratio was higher (OR = 7.7 for more than 10 times a year vs. none). These findings were independent of constitutional factors and factors regarding sun exposure. A dose-response relation was evident. Furthermore, among melanoma patients in this young age group, the ratio of females to males was significantly higher than in older patients. When different melanoma presentation sites were considered, only lesions of the trunk were significantly associated with sunbed or sunlamp use (OR = 4.2 for more than 10 times a year vs. none).

KW - Adolescent

KW - Adult

KW - Aged

KW - Case-Control Studies

KW - Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation

KW - Female

KW - Heliotherapy

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Melanoma

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced

KW - Registries

KW - Risk Factors

KW - Skin Neoplasms

KW - Sunlight

KW - Sweden

KW - Ultraviolet Rays

M3 - Article

VL - 140

SP - 691

EP - 699

JO - American journal of hygiene

T2 - American journal of hygiene

JF - American journal of hygiene

SN - 0002-9262

IS - 8

ER -