Using a Game to Engage Stakeholders in Extreme Event Attribution Science

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The impacts of weather and climate-related disasters are increasing, and climate change can exacerbate many disasters. Effectively communicating climate risk and integrating science into policy requires scientists and stakeholders to work together. But dialogue between scientists and policymakers can be challenging given the inherently multidimensional nature of the issues at stake when managing climate risks. Building on the growing use of serious games to create dialogue between stakeholders, we present a new game for policymakers called Climate Attribution Under Loss and Damage: Risking, Observing, Negotiating (CAULDRON). CAULDRON aims to communicate understanding of the science attributing extreme events to climate change in a memorable and compelling way, and create space for dialogue around policy decisions addressing changing risks and loss and damage from climate change. We describe the process of developing CAULDRON, and draw on observations of players and their feedback to demonstrate its potential to facilitate the interpretation of probabilistic climate information and the understanding of its relevance to informing policy. Scientists looking to engage with stakeholders can learn valuable lessons in adopting similar innovative approaches. The suitability of games depends on the policy context but, if used appropriately, experiential learning can drive coproduced understanding and meaningful dialogue.


  • Hannah R. Parker
  • Rosalind J. Cornforth
  • Pablo Suarez
  • Myles R. Allen
  • Emily Boyd
  • Rachel James
  • Richard G. Jones
  • Friederike E L Otto
  • Peter Walton
External organisations
  • Boston University
  • University of Oxford
  • University of Reading
  • Red Cross/Red Crescent Climate Centre
  • Met Office Hadley Centre for Climate Change
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Climate Research


  • Climate change, Extreme event attribution, Loss and damage policy, Participatory games, Probabilistic event attribution (PEA), Risk management
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)353-365
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Disaster Risk Science
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Dec 1
Publication categoryResearch