Using a walkway with adjustable inclination to measure and assess slip and fall risks

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingPaper in conference proceeding

Abstract

Fall is the most common cause of serious work related accidents. Falls and related injuries not only cause suffering for individuals, but also means a high economic burden to industries and society. The objective of the study was to use a walkway with in-built force plate, adjustable inclination and surface to assess how risks of slips and falls vary due to inclination and friction of the walkway surface. A walkway was designed with adjustable slopes between 0 to 30 degrees. Subject walking tests were performed on dry and wet steel sheet surfaces in two walking directions (uphill and downhill) at three inclination angles (0, 5 and 10 degrees). 3D ground reaction forces while walking were recorded using the force plate. Required coefficient of friction (RCOF) was derived to determine slip and fall risks. The main finding of this study is that the RCOF during heel strike when walking downwards on the steel plate surface increases linearly as the inclination increases. The results contribute to the understanding of slipping and falling mechanisms and the prevention of slipping and falling accidents. When ramps or sloped surfaces are used in workplaces, slip resistance between footwear and the sloped surfaces should be improved.

Details

Authors
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics

Keywords

  • slips and falls, slope, gait biomechanics, required coefficient of friction.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication[Host publication title missing]
EditorsRadhlinah Aulin, Åsa Ek
PublisherProceedings of CIB W099 International Conference on Achieving Sustainable Construction Health and Safety
Pages118-124
Number of pages7
ISBN (Print)978-91-7623-005-3
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes
EventCIB W099 International Health and Safety Conference on Achieving Sustainable Construction Health and Safety - Lund, Sweden
Duration: 2014 Jun 2 → …

Conference

ConferenceCIB W099 International Health and Safety Conference on Achieving Sustainable Construction Health and Safety
CountrySweden
CityLund
Period2014/06/02 → …

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