Using geographical information systems to analyse accessibility to health services in the West Bank, Occupied Palestinian Territory

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Using geographical information systems to analyse accessibility to health services in the West Bank, Occupied Palestinian Territory

AU - Eklund, Lina

AU - Mårtensson, Ulrik

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Abstract in Undetermined Accessibility to adequate health services is a basic human right. Israeli road blocks and checkpoints inhibit access to health care for the Palestinian population. While other studies have dealt with the impact of the barriers, few are based on actual measurements of transport times between locations. Geographical information systems (GIS) and network analysis were used to generate different estimations of accessibility based on the existing road network and transport barriers. The population negatively affected were mainly people living outside urban centres and in governorates with no general hospital. Quantitative measurements using GIS can be used to confirm qualitative studies based on interviews and questionnaires and improve the understanding of the results. Working with a spatial analysis tool also helps to pinpoint weaknesses in the current infrastructure, thus improving the efficiency of future investments to improve health care in the West Bank.

AB - Abstract in Undetermined Accessibility to adequate health services is a basic human right. Israeli road blocks and checkpoints inhibit access to health care for the Palestinian population. While other studies have dealt with the impact of the barriers, few are based on actual measurements of transport times between locations. Geographical information systems (GIS) and network analysis were used to generate different estimations of accessibility based on the existing road network and transport barriers. The population negatively affected were mainly people living outside urban centres and in governorates with no general hospital. Quantitative measurements using GIS can be used to confirm qualitative studies based on interviews and questionnaires and improve the understanding of the results. Working with a spatial analysis tool also helps to pinpoint weaknesses in the current infrastructure, thus improving the efficiency of future investments to improve health care in the West Bank.

KW - Accessibility

KW - Health Care

KW - Geographical Information Systems

KW - Occupied Palestinian Territory

M3 - Article

VL - 18

SP - 796

EP - 802

JO - Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal

JF - Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal

SN - 1020-3397

IS - 8

ER -