UVB irradiation induces rapid changes in galanin, substance P and c-fos immunoreactivity in rat dorsal root ganglia and spinal cord

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Recent studies have shown that UVB irradiation induces primary and secondary hyperalgesia in rats and humans peaking about 24 h after UVB exposure. In the present study we investigated the changes in galanin, substance P and c-fos immunoreactivity in rat DRG and spinal cord at the L5 level 2–96 h after UVB irradiation. UVB irradiation of the heel area in rats almost increased the skin blood flow two-fold 24 h after irradiation as measured by laser Doppler technique. UVB irradiation induced a significant reduction of the proportion of galanin positive DRG neurons for all time points, except at 12 h. In the spinal cord, UVB irradiation induced increased immunoreactivity for galanin in the dorsal horn, the area around the central canal and interestingly also in the lateral spinal nucleus 12–96 h after exposure. For substance P the proportion of substance P positive neurons was unchanged but UVB irradiation induced increased substance P immunoreactivity in the dorsal part of the spinal cord 48 h after irradiation. UVB irradiation also induced c-fos immunoreactivity in the dorsal horn and the area around the central canal 24 and 48 h after exposure. This translational model of UVB irradiation will induce rapid changes of neuropeptides implicated in nociceptive signaling in areas known to be of importance for nociception in a time frame, about 24 h after exposure, where also neurophysiological alteration have been described in humans and rats.

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Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Neurosciences

Keywords

  • Dorsal horn, Immunoreactivity, Inflammation, Lateral spinal nucleus, Neuropeptides, Pain translational model
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-83
Number of pages13
JournalPeptides
Volume87
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Related research output

Leila Etemadi, 2017, Lund: Lund University: Faculty of Medicine. 74 p.

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (compilation)

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