Vaccination against encapsulated bacteria in hereditary C2 deficiency results in antibody response and opsonization due to antibody-dependent complement activation.

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Abstract

Hereditary C2 deficiency (C2D) is an important susceptibility factor for invasive infections caused by encapsulated bacteria such as pneumococci and Haemophilus influenzae type b. The infections are mostly seen in childhood indicating that antibody-mediated acquired immunity is affected. C2D persons and healthy controls were vaccinated with ActHIB® and Pneumo23®. Analysis of specific antibodies to pneumococci serotype 6B, 7F, and 23F, and Hib was performed. Post-vaccination IgG antibodies against pneumococci serotype 6B and 23F at a concentration ≥1.0mg/L was found in similar frequency in C2D persons and controls. Post-vaccination sera from C2D persons showed poor complement-mediated opsonization and phagocytosis of pneumococci by granulocytes when depending on classical and lectin pathway activation only, but increased (p=0.007) and equaled that of the normal controls when also alternative pathway activation was allowed due to antibody-dependent C2 bypass activation. In conclusion, the C2D persons benefited from the vaccination and achieve an increased phagocytic capacity.

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Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Immunology in the medical area
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)214-227
JournalClinical Immunology
Volume144
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Division of Microbiology, Immunology and Glycobiology - MIG (013025200), Division of Infection Medicine (SUS) (013008000), Department of Rheumatology (013036000)

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