Validation of factor VIII activity for monitoring standard and extended half-life products and correlation to thrombin generation assays
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Introduction: Monitoring replacement therapy with standard and extended half-life (EHL) products is challenging, since one-stage assay (OSA) and chromogenic substrate assay (CSA) results may differ significantly. Recent recommendations include local validation of each new product with recovery within 20–30%, depending on activity level. Aim: To validate factor VIII (FVIII) activity for monitoring products in clinical use on Atellica Coag and to correlate it with thrombin generation. Methods: Plasma samples spiked with Advate®, Elocta®, Adynovi®, Nuwiq®, NovoEight® and Afstyla® (0.05, 0.20, 0.50 and 0.80 IU/ml) were analysed using Atellica Coag 360 with CSA-1 (Coatest SP) and CSA-2 (FVIII chromogenic), and OSA (Actin FS). Thrombin generation was performed using two thrombin generation assays (TGA-1 (Thrombinoscope) and TGA-2 (Technothrombin). Results: All products at levels above 0.05 IU/ml, except Adynovi, showed acceptable recovery using CSA-1, whereas measurements using CSA-2 gave more results outside the target level. All products, except Afstyla, showed acceptable recovery using OSA. Correlation between CSA-1 and OSA was excellent (r2=1.0) with biases of 6–32%, depending on FVIII product. A clear dose-response was seen for all thrombin generation parameters and products using both methods, except at low levels for lag time using TGA-1. With CSA-1 as an independent variable, the correlations to thrombin peak (measured with TGA-2) were good (r2 =.8–.9). Conclusion: Our data revealed good correlation and acceptable bias between CSA and OSA using our sets of reagents, methods and analyser in spiked samples. Thrombin generation gave good correlation to CSA-1 factor activity and is a possible complement to factor activity assays.
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 2021|