Validity of apparent diffusion coefficient hyperpolarized He-3-MRI using MSCT and pulmonary function tests as references

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Purpose: To compare apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) measurements from hyperpolarized (HP) helium (He-3)-magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with quantitative data from multislice Computed Tomography (CT) (MSCT) of the whole lungs and pulmonary function tests (PFT). Materials and methods: Twenty-seven subjects, 22 with established emphysema and 5 with preclinical emphysema defined by PFT criteria, were examined with Hp He-3-MRI and MSCT. Mean age was 55 (+/- 12) years, 18 female and 9 male. Mean ADC from He-3-MRI was compared with emphysema index (EI), 15th percentile and mean lung density (MLD) values from MSCT. Both mean ADC and MSCT data were compared to PFT, especially percent of predicted diffusing capacity of carbon monoxide (%predicted DLCO), using Pearson's correlation test. Results: Mean ADC and standard deviation values were 0.392 +/- 0.119 cm(2)/s for the established emphysema group and 0.216 +/- 0.046 for the pre-clinical emphysema group. MSCT values for the established emphysema group and pre-clinical emphysema group were: EI (%) 11 +/- 12 and 0.4 +/- 0.6, respectively; 15th percentile (Hounsfield Units (HU)), -956 +/- 25 and -933 +/- 13, respectively and MLD (HU) -877 +/- 20 and -863 +/- 15, respectively. Correlations between mean ADC and El and 15th percentile were both r=0.90 and for MLD r=0.59. There was higher correlation between mean ADC and %predicted DLCO (r=0.90) than between El and %predicted DLCO (r=0.76). Conclusion: Hp He-3-MRI correlates well with density measurements from MSCT and agrees better than MSCT with %predicted DLCO which is the PFT most related to emphysema. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging


  • Multislice computed tomography, imaging, Magnetic resonance, Apparent diffusion coefficient, Hyperpolarized He-3, Pulmonary function test, Emphysema
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)257-263
JournalEuropean Journal of Radiology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Publication categoryResearch

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