Variability in the G3 domain content of bovine aggrecan from cartilage extracts and chondrocyte cultures
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The content of the globular domains G1, G2 and G3 on the core protein of high-density (A1D1) aggrecan isolated from newborn and mature bovine cartilage and from cultures of bovine chondrocytes was examined. Quantitation based on the 220 nm absorbance of tryptic marker peptides from each domain isolated by reversed-phase HPLC showed that while the content of G1 and G2 was essentially the same for all samples, the content of G3 varied markedly. The molar yield of G3 and G1 marker peptides indicated that approximately 55% of the G1-bearing aggrecan from immature cartilage carried the G3 domain, while for mature cartilage this figure was markedly reduced, at about 35%. Aggrecan prepared from the cell layer matrix of calf chondrocyte cultures had an apparent G3 content similar to newborn cartilage (55%), whereas aggrecan prepared from the medium of these cultures had a markedly higher G3 content, at about 80%. The high content of G3 in cell medium samples compared to cartilage extracts was supported by electron microscopic analysis of A1D1 preparations. The G3 content of the two subpopulations of aggrecan present in mature cartilage and separable by flat bed agarose gel electrophoresis was also determined at about 45% (Band I) and 20% (Band II) respectively. These results are discussed in terms of the likely origin of the marked variability in the G3 domain content of aggrecan.
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Journal||Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics|
|Publication status||Published - 1992|