Variable interatrial conduction illustrated in a hypertrophic cardiomyopathy population

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Abstract

Background: Patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) have a high incidence of atrial fibrillation. They also have a longer P-wave duration than healthy controls, indicating conduction alterations. Previous studies have demonstrated orthogonal P-wave morphology alterations in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. In the present study, the P-wave morphology of patients with HCM was compared with that of matched controls in order to explore the nature of the atrial conduction alterations. Methods and Results: A total of 65 patients (45 men, mean age 49 +/- 15) with HCM were included. The control population (n = 65) was age and gender matched (45 men, mean age 49 +/- 15). Five minutes of 12-lead ECG was recorded. The data were subsequently transformed to orthogonal lead data, and unfiltered signal-averaged P-wave analysis was performed. The P-wave duration was longer in the HCM patients compared to the controls (149 +/- 22 vs 130 +/- 16 ms, P < 0.0001). Examination of the P-wave morphology demonstrated changes in conduction patterns compatible with interatrial conduction block of varying severity in both groups, but a higher degree of interatrial block seen in the HCM population. These changes were most prominent in the Leads Y and Z. Conclusion: The present study suggests that the longer P-wave duration observed in HCM patients may be explained by a higher prevalence of block in one or more of the interatrial conduction routes.

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Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems

Keywords

  • ECG analysis, noninvasive, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, atrial fibrillation, signal-averaged
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-236
JournalAnnals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Volume12
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes