Vesicle formation and other structures in aqueous dispersios of monoolein and sodium oleate

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Abstract

The macroscopic appearance and microstructure in the dilute corner of the ternary monoolein (MO)-sodium oleate (NaO)-water ((H2O)-H-2) system have been investigated by visual inspection and by using direct structural imaging with light microscopy and cryogenic transmission electron microscopy. The microstructural transformations that take place between the micellar phase (binary NaO-(H2O)-H-2 axis) and the dispersed cubic phase (binary MO-(H2O)-H-2 axis) upon increasing the ratio of MO to NaO are micelles, ruptured multilamellar vesicles together with flexible threads, various vesicle structures, vesicles in equilibrium with densely packed layers that either represent bilayers or domains of H-
I tubes visible from the side, and finally a pattern that may be either a cubic
phase or domains of HII tubes visible in a cross section. Spontaneously
formed uni- and multilamellar vesicles that show long-term stability
are found to be the dominant structure for mixed dispersions over
almost the entire concentration range. The addition of NaOH to the
non-bilayer-forming system, the ternary MO-OA (oleic acid)-(H2O)-H-2
system, leads to the fort-nation of vesicles. Vesicles were also
observed in other ternary MO-aqueous-based systems with potassium
oleate, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, sodium taurodeoxycholate, or
dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine instead of NaO. (C) 2003 Elsevier
Science (USA). All rights reserved.

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  • Physical Chemistry
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)310-320
JournalJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Volume257
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2003
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes