Vigilance and Apprehension: Multiculturalism, Democracy, and the ‘Kurdish Question’ in Turkey

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Vigilance and Apprehension: Multiculturalism, Democracy, and the ‘Kurdish Question’ in Turkey. / Ozkirimli, Umut.

In: Middle East Critique, Vol. 22, No. 1, 2013, p. 1-18.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Vigilance and Apprehension: Multiculturalism, Democracy, and the ‘Kurdish Question’ in Turkey

AU - Ozkirimli, Umut

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - The aim of this paper is to discuss the ‘Kurdish question’ in Turkey within the framework of the current debates on the ‘death of multiculturalism’. Contra what I would call ‘multikulti-sceptics’, I contend that it is too early to compose an epitaph for multiculturalism, both as practice and as ideology, that there is no binary opposition between a form of rights-based multiculturalism on the one hand, and universal human rights, democratic constitutionalism or social cohesion on the other. The paper also focuses on ‘multicultural constitutional citizenship’, based on democratic deliberation and dialogue, as a solution to Kurdish demands for the public recognition of their identities. I juxtapose Kurdish claims with similar demands made by national minorities in other contexts, and conclude by delineating the normative contours of multicultural constitutional citizenship and outlining the practical measures that are required to sustain it.

AB - The aim of this paper is to discuss the ‘Kurdish question’ in Turkey within the framework of the current debates on the ‘death of multiculturalism’. Contra what I would call ‘multikulti-sceptics’, I contend that it is too early to compose an epitaph for multiculturalism, both as practice and as ideology, that there is no binary opposition between a form of rights-based multiculturalism on the one hand, and universal human rights, democratic constitutionalism or social cohesion on the other. The paper also focuses on ‘multicultural constitutional citizenship’, based on democratic deliberation and dialogue, as a solution to Kurdish demands for the public recognition of their identities. I juxtapose Kurdish claims with similar demands made by national minorities in other contexts, and conclude by delineating the normative contours of multicultural constitutional citizenship and outlining the practical measures that are required to sustain it.

KW - Turkey

KW - Kurds

KW - minority rights

KW - nationalism

KW - multiculturalism

KW - Kurdish question

M3 - Article

VL - 22

SP - 1

EP - 18

JO - Middle East Critique

T2 - Middle East Critique

JF - Middle East Critique

SN - 1943-6157

IS - 1

ER -