Vortical structures and heat transfer augmentation of a cooling channel in a gas turbine blade with various arrangements of tip bleed holes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This study investigates the internal cooling processes affected by the tip bleed holes in gas turbine blades. Double bleed holes are fixed at the center of the blade tip near the pressure side and suction side, respectively. Five different arrangements of the holes along the center line of the tip are studied. The purely double holes are set as the Baseline. The purpose of the present study is to provide a new perspective of the tip film cooling to understand the internal flow processes, vorticity evolution and the mechanism of the heat transfer augmentation. A topological analysis and the boundary layer analysis methods are introduced to better understand the tip heat transfer. The total extraction area and volume is kept at the same level for all the studied cases. The results show that the Dean vortices and the near-wall vortices induced by the secondary flow contribute to the high heat transfer coefficient on the tip surface. The mixing effect of the Dean vortices and the hole extraction helps to enhance heat transfer upstream of the tip. Different arrangement of the bleed holes can affect the internal flow processes and heat transfer performance. The suction effect of the center-line bleed hole can accelerate the near-hole flow and reduce the thickness of the boundary layer. The center-line hole fitted at the middle of the tip affects significantly the rear side of the hole. Thus, the holes aligned in the middle of the tip provide the highest heat transfer and thermal performance. The thermal performance is enhanced by up to 4.7% compared with the Baseline.


External organisations
  • Harbin Institute of Technology
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Energy Engineering
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-67
Number of pages28
JournalNumerical Heat Transfer; Part A: Applications
Issue number1
Early online date2020
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Publication categoryResearch