Warfarin monitoring with viscoelastic haemostatic assays, thrombin generation, coagulation factors and correlations to Owren and Quick prothrombin time

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The anticoagulant warfarin is commonly monitored with prothrombin time (PT). Viscoelastic haemostatic assays (VHA) are primarily used in situations of acute bleeding to guide haemostatic therapy. Much research has focused on VHA monitoring of new oral anticoagulants. However, many patients are still anticoagulated with warfarin and effect of warfarin anticoagulation on VHA is uncertain. The aim of this study was to assess warfarin anticoagulation on three different VHA and compare these findings with prothrombin time (PT), coagulation factor analyses and a thrombin generation assay (TGA). Citrated whole blood was drawn from 80 patients admitted for routine PT-INR Owren. VHA analysis with ROTEM (EXTEM, INTEM and FIBTEM), ReoRox (Fibscreen 1 and 2) and Sonoclot (gbACT+) was performed. Blood was also drawn for plasma analysis with PT (PT-INR Owren and PT Quick), TGA and analysis of factors I, II, VII, IX and X. Extrinsically activated VHA, including ROTEM EXTEM and FIBTEM Clotting Time (CT) and ReoRox Fibscreen1 and 2 clot onset time 1 correlated moderately with PT-INR Owren, with R 0.66–0.71. These four variables were likely to be prolonged above reference interval in patients with prolonged PT-INR Owren >1.2. Two patients with normal ROTEM CTs had Owren PT-INRs >1.5. Warfarin affects extrinsically activated VHA variables of initial clotting. The role of VHA for clinical decision-making in patients planned for invasive procedures, such as spinal/epidural anaesthesia needs further study. None of the recent guidelines on regional anaesthesia include VHA testing to define adequate haemostasis.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Skåne University Hospital
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Hematology

Keywords

  • coagulation factors, prothrombin time, Thrombelastography, thrombin generation, warfarin
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)358-364
JournalScandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
Volume78
Issue number5
Early online date2018 May 23
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes