Water Supply Challenges in Rural Areas: A Case Study from Central Kazakhstan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Rural water supplies have traditionally been overshadowed by urban ones. That must now change, as the Sustainable Development Goals calls for water for all. The objective of the paper is to assess the current access to and the perceived water quality in villages with various types of water supply. The survey was carried out during July⁻December 2017 in four villages in central Kazakhstan. Overall, 1369 randomly selected households were interviewed. The results revealed that even though villagers were provided with tap water, significant numbers used alternative sources. There were three reasons for this situation: residents' doubts regarding the tap water quality; use of other sources out of habit; and availability of cheaper or free sources. Another problem concerned the volume of water consumption, which dropped sharply with decreased quality or inconvenience of sources used by households. Moreover, people gave a poor estimate to the quality and reliability of water from wells, open sources and tankered water. The paper suggests that as well decentralization of water management as monitoring of both water supply and water use are essential measures. There must be a tailor-made approach to each village for achieving the Sustainable Development Goal of providing rural Kazakhstan with safe water.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Karaganda State Medical University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Environmental Health and Occupational Health
  • Water Engineering

Keywords

  • access to water, drinking water sources, perceived water quality, reliability of water supply systems, rural area, volume of water consumption
Original languageEnglish
Article number688
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume16
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Feb 26
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes