Water Supply Challenges in Rural Areas: A Case Study from Central Kazakhstan

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Water Supply Challenges in Rural Areas : A Case Study from Central Kazakhstan. / Omarova, Alua; Tussupova, Kamshat; Hjorth, Peder; Kalishev, Marat; Dosmagambetova, Raushan.

In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol. 16, No. 5, 688, 26.02.2019.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Water Supply Challenges in Rural Areas

T2 - A Case Study from Central Kazakhstan

AU - Omarova, Alua

AU - Tussupova, Kamshat

AU - Hjorth, Peder

AU - Kalishev, Marat

AU - Dosmagambetova, Raushan

PY - 2019/2/26

Y1 - 2019/2/26

N2 - Rural water supplies have traditionally been overshadowed by urban ones. That must now change, as the Sustainable Development Goals calls for water for all. The objective of the paper is to assess the current access to and the perceived water quality in villages with various types of water supply. The survey was carried out during July⁻December 2017 in four villages in central Kazakhstan. Overall, 1369 randomly selected households were interviewed. The results revealed that even though villagers were provided with tap water, significant numbers used alternative sources. There were three reasons for this situation: residents' doubts regarding the tap water quality; use of other sources out of habit; and availability of cheaper or free sources. Another problem concerned the volume of water consumption, which dropped sharply with decreased quality or inconvenience of sources used by households. Moreover, people gave a poor estimate to the quality and reliability of water from wells, open sources and tankered water. The paper suggests that as well decentralization of water management as monitoring of both water supply and water use are essential measures. There must be a tailor-made approach to each village for achieving the Sustainable Development Goal of providing rural Kazakhstan with safe water.

AB - Rural water supplies have traditionally been overshadowed by urban ones. That must now change, as the Sustainable Development Goals calls for water for all. The objective of the paper is to assess the current access to and the perceived water quality in villages with various types of water supply. The survey was carried out during July⁻December 2017 in four villages in central Kazakhstan. Overall, 1369 randomly selected households were interviewed. The results revealed that even though villagers were provided with tap water, significant numbers used alternative sources. There were three reasons for this situation: residents' doubts regarding the tap water quality; use of other sources out of habit; and availability of cheaper or free sources. Another problem concerned the volume of water consumption, which dropped sharply with decreased quality or inconvenience of sources used by households. Moreover, people gave a poor estimate to the quality and reliability of water from wells, open sources and tankered water. The paper suggests that as well decentralization of water management as monitoring of both water supply and water use are essential measures. There must be a tailor-made approach to each village for achieving the Sustainable Development Goal of providing rural Kazakhstan with safe water.

KW - access to water

KW - drinking water sources

KW - perceived water quality

KW - reliability of water supply systems

KW - rural area

KW - volume of water consumption

U2 - 10.3390/ijerph16050688

DO - 10.3390/ijerph16050688

M3 - Article

VL - 16

JO - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

JF - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

SN - 1660-4601

IS - 5

M1 - 688

ER -