What will I be when I grow up? The impact of gender identity threat on adolescents' occupational preferences

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What will I be when I grow up? The impact of gender identity threat on adolescents' occupational preferences. / Sinclair, Samantha; Carlsson, Rickard.

In: Journal of Adolescence, Vol. 36, No. 3, 2013, p. 465-474.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - What will I be when I grow up? The impact of gender identity threat on adolescents' occupational preferences

AU - Sinclair, Samantha

AU - Carlsson, Rickard

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - The present study examined the impact of gender identity threat on adolescents' occupational preferences. Two hundred and ninety-seven adolescents (45% girls, M age = 14.4, SD = .54) participated in the experiment. There were substantial differences between boys' and girls' occupational preferences. Importantly, adolescents who received a threat to their gender identity became more stereotypical in job preferences, suggesting a causal link between threatened gender identity and stereotypical preferences. A comparison threat to one's capability did not have this effect, indicating a unique effect of gender identity threat. Further, individual differences in gender identity concerns predicted gender stereotypical preferences, and this finding was replicated with an independent sample (N = 242). In conclusion, the results suggest that threats to adolescents' gender identity may contribute to the large gender segregation on the labor market.

AB - The present study examined the impact of gender identity threat on adolescents' occupational preferences. Two hundred and ninety-seven adolescents (45% girls, M age = 14.4, SD = .54) participated in the experiment. There were substantial differences between boys' and girls' occupational preferences. Importantly, adolescents who received a threat to their gender identity became more stereotypical in job preferences, suggesting a causal link between threatened gender identity and stereotypical preferences. A comparison threat to one's capability did not have this effect, indicating a unique effect of gender identity threat. Further, individual differences in gender identity concerns predicted gender stereotypical preferences, and this finding was replicated with an independent sample (N = 242). In conclusion, the results suggest that threats to adolescents' gender identity may contribute to the large gender segregation on the labor market.

KW - Gender identity threat

KW - Gender identity concerns

KW - Occupational preferences

KW - Adolescents

U2 - 10.1016/j.adolescence.2013.02.001

DO - 10.1016/j.adolescence.2013.02.001

M3 - Article

VL - 36

SP - 465

EP - 474

JO - Journal of Adolescence

T2 - Journal of Adolescence

JF - Journal of Adolescence

SN - 1095-9254

IS - 3

ER -