Widespread global peatland establishment and persistence over the last 130,000 y

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Glacial-interglacial variations in CO 2 and methane in polar ice cores have been attributed, in part, to changes in global wetland extent, but the wetland distribution before the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM, 21 ka to 18 ka) remains virtually unknown. We present a study of global peatland extent and carbon (C) stocks through the last glacial cycle (130 ka to present) using a newly compiled database of 1,063 detailed stratigraphic records of peat deposits buried by mineral sediments, as well as a global peatland model. Quantitative agreement between modeling and observations shows extensive peat accumulation before the LGM in northern latitudes (>40 ° N), particularly during warmer periods including the last interglacial (130 ka to 116 ka, MIS 5e) and the interstadial (57 ka to 29 ka, MIS 3). During cooling periods of glacial advance and permafrost formation, the burial of northern peatlands by glaciers and mineral sediments decreased active peatland extent, thickness, and modeled C stocks by 70 to 90% from warmer times. Tropical peatland extent and C stocks show little temporal variation throughout the study period. While the increased burial of northern peats was correlated with cooling periods, the burial of tropical peat was predominately driven by changes in sea level and regional hydrology. Peat burial by mineral sediments represents a mechanism for long-term terrestrial C storage in the Earth system. These results show that northern peatlands accumulate significant C stocks during warmer times, indicating their potential for C sequestration during the warming Anthropocene.


  • Claire C. Treat
  • Thomas Kleinen
  • Nils Broothaerts
  • April S. Dalton
  • René Dommaine
  • Thomas A. Douglas
  • Judith Z. Drexler
  • Sarah A. Finkelstein
  • Guido Grosse
  • Geoffrey Hope
  • Jack Hutchings
  • Miriam C. Jones
  • Peter Kuhry
  • Terri Lacourse
  • Outi Lähteenoja
  • Julie Loisel
  • Bastiaan Notebaert
  • R. J. Payne
  • Dorothy M. Peteet
  • A. Britta K. Sannel
  • Jonathan M. Stelling
  • Jens Strauss
  • Graeme T. Swindles
  • Julie Talbot
  • Charles Tarnocai
  • Gert Verstraeten
  • Christopher J. Williams
  • Zhengyu Xia
  • Zicheng Yu
  • Minna Väliranta
  • Martina Hättestrand
  • Victor Brovkin
External organisations
  • University of Eastern Finland
  • Max Planck Institute for Meteorology
  • Catholic University of Leuven
  • University of Toronto
  • University of Potsdam
  • Smithsonian Institution
  • Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory
  • Alfred-Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Potsdam
  • Australian National University
  • Stockholm University
  • University of Victoria
  • Arizona State University
  • Texas A and M University
  • University of York
  • Penza State University
  • NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies
  • Lehigh University
  • University of Leeds
  • University Of Quebec In Montreal
  • Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)
  • Franklin and Marshall College, Lancaster
  • Northeast Normal University
  • University of Helsinki
  • United States Geological Survey Western Region
  • University of Florida
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Geology


  • Carbon, Carbon burial, Methane, Peatlands, Quaternary
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4822-4827
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Publication categoryResearch

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