Willingness to pay for compulsory deworming of pets entering Sweden to prevent introduction of Echinoccoccus multilocularis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


To investigate if the Swedish entry rules for pets to prevent the introduction of Echinococcus multilocularis (EM) are proportional (i.e. that their costs do not exceed the value of their benefits), a dichotomous-choice contingent valuation study was conducted. The study was performed before the first case of EM was detected in Sweden in February 2011. About 5000, randomly selected, Swedish citizens were invited to participate and 2192 of them (44%) accepted to do so. Missing information on whether or not one would accept to pay for keeping the rules for 143 respondents resulted in 2049 observations (41%) available for the estimation of willingness to pay (WTP), and missing information on personal characteristics for another 274 respondents reduced the number of observations available for sensitivity analysis to 1775(36%). Annual expected WTP for keeping the rules ranged between (sic) 54.3 and (sic) 99.0 depending on assumptions about compensations demanded by respondents not willing to pay. The estimates are conservative since only answers from respondents that were absolutely certain they would pay the suggested bid were regarded as yes-responses. That WTP is positive implies that Swedish citizens perceived the benefits of the rules to be larger than their costs. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


  • Soren Hojgard
  • Kristian Sundström
  • Dan Christensson
  • Gunilla Hallgren
  • Marika Hjertqvist
  • Anders Wallensten
  • Ivar Vagsholm
  • Helene Wahlstrom
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Economics


  • Echinococcus multilocularis, Deworming, Alveolar echinoccocosis, Contingent valuation, Willingness to pay
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-23
JournalPreventive Veterinary Medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Publication categoryResearch