Wnt5a inhibits human monocyte derived myeloid dendritic cell generation.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Wnt5a is a non-canonical Wnt protein that is expressed at elevated levels in inflammatory conditions. Its role in inflammation remains unclear, although it is known that Wnt5a is expressed at a higher level in monocyte-derived myeloid dendritic cells (Mo-mDCs) than in monocytes and macrophages. The function of Wnt5a in dendritic cells (DCs) remains relatively unexplored. Here, we found that under Mo-mDC culture conditions, Wnt5a inhibited the generation of CD14(+/low) Mo-mDCs while promoting the generation of CD14(+/++) CD16(+) monocytes. We could further show that stimulation of monocytes with rWnt5a induced a rapid IL-6 production and that the rWnt5a treated Mo-mDC differentiation was restored upon blocking of IL-6. Also conditioned media from Wnt5a stimulated human breast cancer cells producing IL-6, specifically inhibited Mo-mDC differentiation. These observations are strengthened by our finding that patients with sepsis, a disease involving elevated Wnt5a and IL-6 levels, also showed a significant increase in the CD14(+) CD16(++) /CD14(+/++) CD16(+) monocyte populations, which was accompanied by a significant decrease in circulating mDCs. We finally show that under typical Mo-mDC culture conditions, monocytes isolated from sepsis patients as compared to healthy controls, preferentially differentiated into CD14(+/++) HLA-DR(++) cells. We suggest that Wnt5a is a possible candidate mediator for the CD14(+/++) CD16(+) monocyte accumulation seen in infectious disease and cancer patients. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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  • Immunology in the medical area
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)194-204
JournalScandinavian Journal of Immunology
Volume78
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Molecular Medicine (013031200), Infectious Diseases Research Unit (013242010), Pathology, (Lund) (013030000), Clinical Microbiology, Malmö (013011000)

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