Working Poor? A Study of Rural Workers' Economic Welfare in Kenya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This study employs a mixed methods approach to investigate the poverty reduction potential of large‐scale farm employment in Kenya. A long‐run time series of real agricultural wages is created. The quantitative data are supplemented by life‐story interviews of agricultural workers. The analysis suggests that large‐scale farm employment can serve as a route out of deep poverty. However, to prevent wages from falling below the subsistence level, there is a need for a balanced rural development strategy whereby investments in smallholder agriculture and skills upgrades accompany the expansion of commercial agriculture.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Economic History


  • wages, employment, rural Africa, large-scale farming, poverty
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages30
JournalJournal of International Development
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2020 Sep 9
Publication categoryResearch